Currently, the table states that after the 16th stage, Massi wore the polkadot jersey, and that Rinero received it after the 17th stage. This is strange, because the results of the 17th stage were nullified.Muc off valves evans
The memoire du cyclisme archive shows that Massi did not start the 18th stage, so from that source I conclude that Rinero received the polkadot jersey after the 18th stage. Actually, these tables need to be sourced, so the details can be checked. I don't understand why there is no mention of the stage 17 riders strike.
I am getting going on working over this article to bring it to GA and FA status. I am unsure on how to structure this article. So far, the overview is divided into race and doping.
1998 Tour de France
However, this is tricky in my opinion, considering that the whole affair impacted the racing itself so much, especially with the two strikes. I would therefore merge both together into one overview section.
And then an aftermath section which deals with the fallout, trials not too much detail and retrospective tests. What are your thoughts? Also, I feel that it is pretty useless to have two separate articles on Doping at the Tour de France and on the Festina affair. Those should be merged, shouldn't they? I have just modified 2 external links on Tour de France. Please take a moment to review my edit. If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple FaQ for additional information.
I made the following changes:. When you have finished reviewing my changes, you may follow the instructions on the template below to fix any issues with the URLs.1998 Tour de France pt 2 of 2
As of February"External links modified" talk page sections are no longer generated or monitored by InternetArchiveBot. No special action is required regarding these talk page notices, other than regular verification using the archive tool instructions below.
Editors have permission to delete these "External links modified" talk page sections if they want to de-clutter talk pages, but see the RfC before doing mass systematic removals. As I don't have van den Akker's book yet and can't find any rules and regulations, I'm unable to expand this section.
Will review. Overall the main issues with the article concern how some of the prose is written and some wikilinks that would help those who are not familiar with the sport of cycling. On hold. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. If you can improve it further, please do so. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it.
France portal. Ireland portal. Switzerland portal. Templates Criteria Instructions. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit New section View history.It started on 11 July in Ireland before taking an anti-clockwise route through France to finish in Paris on 2 August.
Marco Pantani of Mercatone Uno—Bianchi won the overall general classificationwith Team Telekom 's Jan Ullrichthe defending champion, and Cofidis rider Bobby Julich finishing on the podium in second and third respectively. The general classification leader's yellow jersey was first awarded to Chris Boardman of the GAN team, who won the prologue in Dublin. Following a crash by Boardman on stage 2 that caused his withdrawal, Ullrich's sprinter teammate Erik Zabel took the race lead.
He lost it the next stage to Casino—Ag2r 's Bo Hamburgerwho took it after being in a breakaway. The day after, the yellow jersey switched to another rider from the same breakaway, Boardman's teammate Stuart O'Gradywho took vital seconds from time bonuses gained in intermediate sprints. He held it for a further three stages, until pre-race favourite Ullrich won stage 7's individual time trial, moving him into the overall lead.
The next day, Laurent Desbiens of Cofidis finished in a breakaway with a large enough margin to put him in the yellow jersey. Ullrich regained the race lead two stages later as the Tour went into the Pyrenees. Following his poor showing in the opening week, Pantani placed second and first, respectively, on the two Pyreneean stages. He then won stage 15, the first in the Alps, to replace Ullrich in the yellow jersey, and kept it until the race's conclusion.
Zabel won his third consecutive Tour points classification and Julich's teammate Christophe Rinerofourth overall, was the winner of the mountains classification. Ullrich was the best young rider and the most combative was Casino—Ag2r 's Jacky Durand. The team classification was won by Cofidis. Tom Steels of Mapei—Bricobi won the most stages, with four. The race was marred throughout by a doping scandal, known as the Festina affair.
Before the Tour began, Willy Voetan assistant of the Festina teamwas arrested at the Franco-Belgian border when doping products were found in his car. The affair broadened and the team was expelled after top personnel admitted to widespread doping. Police raids on numerous teams during the course of the race led to two riders' strikes and the withdrawal of several teams and riders. Due to the controversy, the race became known by the nickname " Tour de Farce ".
The 1998 Tour de France: Police raids, arrests, protests... and a bike race
In Julyretrospective tests for recombinant EPO made in were made public, revealing that 44 out of 60 of samples returned positive tests.From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. List of cyclists. Postal Service. This section is empty. You can help by adding a table similar to the one found in the List of teams and cyclists in the Tour de France By nationality adding to it.
July Union Cycliste Internationale. Archived from the original on 16 May Retrieved 16 May Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 22 August Retrieved 23 March Grand Tour teams and cyclists. Categories : Tour de France Tour de France squads. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Articles to be expanded from July All articles to be expanded Articles with empty sections from July All articles with empty sections Articles using small message boxes.
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Mercatone Uno—Bianchi.The Tour de France was won by Marco Pantani, but it will always be remembered for police raids, arrests, rider protests and the definitive exposure of widespread doping in the world's biggest race. In this feature, the latest in our ' I love the s ' series, journalist and author Jeremy Whittle reflects on those three crazy weeks, which almost brought the sport's greatest event to its knees.
Laurent Jalabert was fuming. He was sick of it, he said, sick to the back teeth. Sick of the media sticking their microphones in his face, sick of the police raids and the constant suspicion, sick of the jeering and the booing.
As Saiz exited, he led a walkout of Spanish teams and, in a show of solidarity, most of the Spanish press. Earlier that day, in Albertville, the bleary-eyed TVM team had led a start line protest.
They, in turn, were angry over their treatment by the French police who had raided their hotel the night before and taken both riders and staff into custody. Most raids were accompanied by day and night media stake-outs in car parks, hotel bars and lobbies. After the Spanish walkout, with the Tour close to collapse, the unthinkable seemed possible.
Could the race even make it to Paris? During that final week, it often seemed unlikely. But then the Tour de France — dominated by the Festina Affair — was hardly a bike race at all. Sometimes it was more like being caught up in a 'happening', a cultural event, characterised by serial stand-offs and sit-downs, police raids and petulance, finger-pointing and four-letter words. It was the lead story on French TV news bulletins for the best part of three weeks.
It felt at the time like the scandal that could break the grip of doping on cycling, perhaps even on all sport. Festina was merely the first of many.
I was also there to cover the race for The Times. But, as the race neared Paris, one of my editors had even questioned the wisdom of covering cycling anymore. I returned home exhausted and confused, assuming that I'd covered my last Tour and that the race was finished. There was a story bubbling away about a Festina soigneur, detained by customs in Belgium, but the jubilation of the World Cup victory temporarily swept it away. But that happy vibe quickly evaporated once the peloton arrived on home soil and the speculation over doping grew.Matcha cake recipes uk
Even though their glory years were long gone, French professionals still had a sense of entitlement when it came to the Tour. On home turf at least, the 'Dons' of French racing still considered themselves 'Untouchables'. They'd made a deal with the French public — whether they were watching on TV or standing at the roadside — to show panache.S m l xl summary
July, then, was show time, when France expected them to race with style and to give the home fans hope, even if it was an empty, futile hope. The greatest exponent of this was Festina leader Virenque, who, fully aware of his limitations as an overall contender, played to the gallery at every opportunity. The scandal that began with Festina soigneur Willy Voet's arrest only really gathered pace after team manager Bruno Roussel's admission of a structured doping programme.
Once Tour director Leblanc learned the truth — that Roussel had overseen a coordinated doping programme managed by his medics — the team was evicted.
Virenque's sense of theatre even extended to his protestations of innocence and his denials of doping. There were tears, and a man-of-the-people statement from the back room of a bar-tabac in Correze, where — incredibly — Tour boss Leblanc popped in to offer his condolences, even as Virenque bid farewell.
I remember watching Ullrich cross the finish line, puffy-eyed and feeble, a spent force, held up by teammates Bjarne Riis and Udo Bolts. I remember, too, his Lazarus-like resurrection on the next day's climb of the Madeleine.
Perhaps the biggest irony was that Lance Armstrong, post chemotherapy, was back at the Tour, working for American TV as a guest pundit. I saw him standing on his own among the miles of spaghetti — the wires and cables in the broadcast zone — even as Pantani, Bobby Julich, and Ullrich rode the final time trial from Montceau-les-Mines to Le Creusot.
He was optimistic for his comeback. The next day, Pantani was crowned Tour champion in Paris.Tour de France blev arrangeret fra Tom Steels vandt fire etaper. Resultaterne fra etapen blev annulleret. Tour de France Etaper 22 Datoer Wikimedia Commons har flere filer relateret til Tour de France Tour de France.
List of teams and cyclists in the 1998 Tour de France
GND : Navnerum Artikel Diskussion. Wikimedia Commons. Tour de France Frankrig Irland Schweiz. Marco Pantani Mercatone Uno-Bianchi. Jan Ullrich Deutsche Telekom.
Erik Zabel Deutsche Telekom. Marco Pantani. Jan Ullrich. Bobby Julich. Christophe Rinero. Michael Boogerd.Textaloud 3 descargar gratis español
Jean-Cyril Robin. Roland Meier. Daniele Nardello. Giuseppe Di Grande. Axel Merckx. Chris Boardman. Dublin — Dublin. Tom Steels. Enniscorthy — Cork.The second and third columns in the table above report the percentages relative to the number of responses (second column) as well as respondents (third column).
Thus, the entry 8. Suppose in the above example we were only interested in Coke, Pepsi, and Sprite. As pointed out earlier, one way to code the data in that case would be as follows: COKE PEPSI SPRITE. In other words, one variable was created for each soft drink, then a value of 1 was entered into the respective variable whenever the respective drink was mentioned by the respective respondent.
In a sense, we "compact" the three variables Coke, Pepsi, and Sprite into a single variable (Soft Drink) consisting of multiple dichotomies. All of these types of variables can then be used in crosstabulation tables. For example, we could crosstabulate a multiple dichotomy for Soft Drink (coded as described in the previous paragraph) with a multiple response variable Favorite Fast Foods (with many categories such as Hamburgers, Pizza, etc.
As in the frequency table, the percentages and marginal totals in that table can be computed from the total number of respondents as well as the total number of responses. For example, consider the following hypothetical respondent: Gender Coke Pepsi Sprite Food1 Food2 FEMALE 1 1 FISH PIZZA This female respondent mentioned Coke and Pepsi as her favorite drinks, and Fish and Pizza as her favorite fast foods.
In the complete crosstabulation table she will be counted in the following cells of the table: Food. FEMALE MALE COKE PEPSI SPRITE COKE PEPSI SPRITE X X X X 2 2 This female respondent will "contribute" to (i. Paired Crosstabulation of Multiple Response Variables. A unique option for tabulating multiple response variables is to treat the variables in two or more multiple response variables as matched pairs. Again, this method is best illustrated with a simple example. Suppose we conducted a survey of past and present home ownership.
We asked the respondents to describe their last three (including the present) homes that they purchased. For each home we asked our respondents to write down the number of rooms in the respective house, and the number of occupants. Here is how the data for one respondent (say case number 112) may be entered into a data file: Case no.
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Please try again or select another dataset. Stat includes data and metadata for OECD countries and selected non-member economies.
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